221 Total Publications
The Royal Society
Peptidylarginine deiminase IV (PAD4) post-translationally converts arginine residues in proteins to citrullines and is implicated in playing a central role in the pathogenesis of several diseases. Although PAD4 was historically thought to be a nuclear enzyme, recent evidence has revealed a more complex localization of PAD4 with evidence of additional cytosolic and cell surface localization and activity. However, the mechanisms by which PAD4, which lacks conventional secretory signal sequences, traffics to extranuclear localizations are unknown. In this study, we show that PAD4 was enriched in the organelle fraction of monocytes with evidence of citrullination of organelle proteins.
Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is usually characterized with disrupted bile acid (BA) homeostasis. However, the exact role of certain BA in NAFLD is poorly understood. Here we show levels of serum hyodeoxycholic acid (HDCA) decrease in both NAFLD patients and mice, as well as in liver and intestinal contents of NAFLD mice compared to their healthy counterparts. Serum HDCA is also inversely correlated with NAFLD severity.
Journal of Rheumatology
HuProt Autoantibodies: To expand, in an unbiased manner, our knowledge of autoantigens and autoantibodies in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) and evaluate their associations with serological and clinical variables.
Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy - Elsevier
The primary cause of acute cardiovascular events with high mortality is the rupture of atherosclerotic plaque followed by thrombosis. Sodium Danshensu (SDSS) has shown potential in inhibiting the inflammatory response in macrophages and preventing early plaque formation in atherosclerotic mice. However, the specific targets and detailed mechanism of action of SDSS are still unclear.
Neural antibodies are detected by tissue-based indirect immunofluorescence assay (IFA) in Mayo Clinic\'s Neuroimmunology Laboratory practice, but the process of characterizing and validating novel antibodies is lengthy. We report our assessment of human protein arrays. Control positive samples known to be reactive with linear epitopes of intracellular antigens (e.g., ANNA-1 [anti-Hu]) were readily identified by arrays in 20 of 21 samples. By contrast, 10 positive controls known to be enriched with antibodies against cell surface protein conformational epitopes (e.g., GluN1 subunit of NMDA-R) were indistinguishable from background signal.
Journal of Proteome Research
Systemic sclerosis (SSc) is a systemic autoimmune disorder that leads to vasculopathy and tissue fibrosis. A lack of reliable biomarkers has been a challenge for clinical diagnosis of the disease. We employed a protein array-based approach to identify and validate SSc-specific autoantibodies. Phase I involved profiled autoimmunity using human proteome microarray (HuProt arrays) with 90 serum samples: 40 patients with SSc, 30 patients diagnosed with autoimmune diseases, and 20 healthy subjects. In Phase II, we constructed a focused array with candidates identified antigens and used this to profile a much larger cohort comprised of serum samples. Finally, we used a western blot analysis to validate the serum of validated proteins with high signal values. Bioinformatics analysis allowed us to identify 113 candidate autoantigens that were significantly associated with SSc.
Age-related macular degeneration (AMD), the leading cause of geriatric blindness, is a multi-factorial disease with retinal-pigmented epithelial (RPE) cell dysfunction as a central pathogenic driver. With RPE degeneration, lysosomal function is a core process that is disrupted. Transcription factors EB/E3 (TFEB/E3) tightly control lysosomal function; their disruption can cause aging disorders, such as AMD. Here, we show that induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSC)-derived RPE cells with the complement factor H variant [CFH (Y402H)] have increased AKT2, which impairs TFEB/TFE3 nuclear translocation and lysosomal function.
Extracellular matrix (ECM) homeostasis plays a crucial role in metabolic plasticity and endocrine function of adipose tissue. High levels of intracellular endotrophin, a cleavage peptide of type VI collagen alpha 3 chain (Col6a3), have been frequently observed in adipocyte in obesity and diabetes. However, how endotrophin intracellularly traffics and influences metabolic homeostasis in adipocyte remains unknown. Therefore, we aimed to investigate the trafficking of endotrophin and its metabolic effects in adipocytes depending on lean or obese condition.
Endothelial pyroptosis promotes cerebral ischemia/reperfusion injury (CIRI). Sodium Danshensu (SDSS) has been shown to attenuate CIRI and have anti-inflammatory properties in endothelial cells. However, the mechanism and effect of SDSS on alleviating endothelial pyroptosis after CIRI remains poorly understood. Thus, we aimed to investigate the efficacy and mechanism of SDSS in reducing endothelial pyroptosis. It has been shown that SDSS administration inhibited NLRP3 inflammasome-mediated pyroptosis.
European Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology
Anti-heat shock protein (HSP) autoantibodies are detected in autoimmune diseases. We sought to ascertain whether anti-HSP10 IgG is present in patients with CSU and to elucidate the role of HSP10 in CSU pathogenesis. CSU patients had higher IgG positivity to HSP10 (40.7% vs. 11.4%, p = .001), lower serum HSP10 levels (5.8 ± 3.6 vs. 12.2 ± 6.6 pg/mL, p < .001) than in NCs, and their urticaria severity was associated with anti-HSP10 IgG positivity, while HSP10 levels were related to urticaria control status.