221 Total Publications
HuProt Small Molecule: Decidualization is an intricate biological process in which extensive remodeling of the endometrium occurs to support the development of an implanting blastocyst. However, the immunometabolic mechanisms underlying this process are still largely unknown. We found that the decidualization process is accompanied by the accumulation of fructose-1,6-bisphosphate (FBP). The combination of FBP with pyruvate kinase M stimulated IL-27 secretion by endometrial stromal cells in an ERK/c-FOS–dependent manner. IL-27 induced decidual COX-2+ M2-like macrophage differentiation, which promotes decidualization, trophoblast invasion, and maternal-fetal tolerance.
HuProt Reviews: Protein microarrays are a promising technology that measure protein levels in serum or plasma samples. Due to the high technical variability of these assays and high variation in protein levels across serum samples in any population, directly answering biological questions of interest using protein microarray measurements is challenging. Using within-array ranks of protein levels for analysis can mitigate the impact of between-sample variation on downstream analysis. Although ranks are sensitive to pre-processing steps, ranking methods that accommodate uncertainty provide robust and loss-function optimal ranks.
Pediatric Coronavirus Disease 2019 (pCOVID-19) is rarely severe; however, a minority of children infected with severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) might develop multisystem inflammatory syndrome in children (MIS-C), with substantial morbidity. In this longitudinal multi-institutional study, we applied multi-omics (analysis of soluble biomarkers, proteomics, single-cell gene expression and immune repertoire analysis) to profile children with COVID-19 (n = 110) and MIS-C (n = 76), along with pediatric healthy controls (pHCs; n = 76). pCOVID-19 was characterized by robust type I interferon (IFN) responses, whereas prominent type II IFN-dependent and NF-κB-dependent signatures, matrisome activation and increased levels of circulating spike protein were detected in MIS-C, with no correlation with SARS-CoV-2 PCR status around the time of admission.
Objectives To report the expanded neurological presentations and oncological associations of tripartite motif-containing protein 46 (TRIM46)-IgG seropositive patients. Methods Archived sera/cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) were evaluated by tissue-based immunofluorescence assay to identify patients with identical axon initial segment (AIS)-specific staining pattern. Phage immunoprecipitation sequencing (PhIP-Seq) was used to identify the putative autoantigen.
Pharmacological Research - Elsevier
HuProt Small Molecule: Ischemic stroke remains one of the leading causes of death worldwide, thereby highlighting the urgent necessary to identify new therapeutic targets. Deoxyhypusine hydroxylase (DOHH) is a fundamental enzyme catalyzing a unique posttranslational hypusination modification of eukaryotic translation initiation factor 5A (eIF5A) and is highly involved in the progression of several human diseases, including HIV-1 infection, cancer, malaria, and diabetes. However, the potential therapeutic role of pharmacological regulation of DOHH in ischemic stroke is still poorly understood.
Nature Scientific Reports
Autoantibodies are self-antigen reactive antibodies that play diverse roles in the normal immune system, tissue homeostasis, and autoimmune and neurodegenerative diseases. Anti-neuronal autoantibodies have been detected in neurodegenerative disease serum, with unclear significance. To identify diagnostic biomarkers of Alzheimer’s disease (AD), we analyzed serum autoantibody profiles of the HuProt proteome microarray using the discovery set of cognitively normal control (NC, n = 5) and AD (n = 5) subjects. Approximately 1.5-fold higher numbers of autoantibodies were detected in the AD group (98.0 ± 39.9/person) than the NC group (66.0 ± 39.6/person).
HuProt Enzyme: Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a heterogenous autoimmune disease in which autoreactive lymphocytes attack the myelin sheath of the central nervous system. B lymphocytes in the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) of patients with MS contribute to inflammation and secrete oligoclonal immunoglobulins1,2. Epstein–Barr virus (EBV) infection has been epidemiologically linked to MS, but its pathological role remains unclear3. Here we demonstrate high-affinity molecular mimicry between the EBV transcription factor EBV nuclear antigen 1 (EBNA1) and the central nervous system protein glial cell adhesion molecule (GlialCAM) and provide structural and in vivo functional evidence for its relevance.
Journal of Experimental & Clinical Cancer Research - BMC
HuProt Small Molecule: Currently, multiple myeloma (MM) is still an incurable plasma cell malignancy in urgent need of novel therapeutic targets and drugs. AHSA1 expression was increased in MM samples compared to normal controls, which was significantly associated with MM relapse and poor outcomes. Furthermore, AHSA1 promoted MM cell proliferation and proteasome inhibitor (PI) resistance in vitro and in vivo. Mechanism exploration indicated that AHSA1 acted as a co-chaperone of HSP90A to activate CDK6 and PSMD2, which were key regulators of MM proliferation and PI resistance respectively.
Journal of Medicinal Chemistry
HuProt Small Molecule: The serine protease inhibitor Rv3364c of Mycobacterium tuberculosis (MTB) is highly expressed in cells during MTB exposure. In this study, we showed that the 12WLVSKF17 motif of Rv3364c interacts with the BAR domain of SNX9 and inhibits endosome trafficking to interact with p47phox, thereby suppressing TLR4 inflammatory signaling in macrophages. Derived from the structure of this Rv3364c peptide motif, 2,4-diamino-6-(4-tert-butylphenyl)-1,3,5-trazine, DATPT as a 12WLVSKF17 peptide-mimetic small molecule has been identified. DATPT can block the SNX9–p47phox interaction in the endosome and suppress reactive oxygen species and inflammatory cytokine production; it demonstrated significant therapeutic effects in a mouse model of cecal ligation and puncture-induced sepsis.
The Journal of Applied Laboratory Medicine
HuProt Autoantibodies: The introduction of multiparametric autoantibody tests has been proposed to improve the accuracy of the immunological diagnosis of autoimmune diseases (AID) and to accelerate time for completing the diagnostic process. Multiplex tests are capable of detecting many autoantibodies in a single run whereas a traditional immunoassay uses a single antigen to detect only a single specificity of autoantibodies. The reasons why multiplex tests could replace conventional immunoassays lie in the evidence that they allow for more efficient handling of large numbers of samples by the laboratory, while ensuring greater diagnostic sensitivity in AID screening.