221 Total Publications
Springer - Cancer Immunology, Immunotherapy
HuProt Autoantibodies: Autoantibody (AAb) has a prominent role in prostate cancer (PCa), with few studies profiling the AAb landscape in Chinese patients. Therefore, the AAb landscape in Chinese patients was characterized using protein arrays. First, in the discovery phase, Huprot arrays outlined autoimmune profiles against ~ 21,888 proteins from 57 samples. In the verification phase, the PCa-focused arrays detected 25 AAbs selected from the discovery phase within 178 samples. Then, PCa was detected using a backpropagation artificial neural network (BPANN) model. In the validation phase, an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) was used to validate four AAb biomarkers from 196 samples.
HuProt Antibody Specificity: Affinity matured self-reactive antibodies are found in autoimmune diseases like systemic lupus erythematous. Here we used fate-mapping reporter mice and single cell transcriptomics coupled to antibody repertoire analysis to characterize the post-germinal center (GC) B cell compartment in a new mouse model of autoimmunity. Antibody secreting cells (ASCs) and memory B cells (MemBs) from spontaneous GCs grouped into multiple subclusters. ASCs matured into two terminal clusters, with distinct secretion, antibody repertoire and metabolic profiles. MemBs contained FCRL5+ and CD23+ subsets, with different in vivo localization in the spleen.
Mediators of Inflammation
HuProt Small Molecule: Sepsis-induced inflammatory response leads to intestinal damage and secondary bacterial translocation, causing systemic infections and eventually death. Emodin is a natural anthraquinone derivative in many plants with promising bioactivities. However, the effects and mechanisms of emodin on sepsis-induced intestinal dysfunctions have not been well clarified yet. We found that emodin treatment suppressed the inflammatory response in the intestines of septic mice. Intestinal barrier function was also improved by emodin through enhancing ZO-1 and occludin expression, which prevented the secondary translocation of Escherichia coli.
Journal of Biological Chemistry
HuProt Enzyme: WWP2 is a HECT E3 ligase that targets protein Lys residues for ubiquitination and is comprised of an N-terminal C2 domain, four central WW domains, and a C-terminal catalytic HECT domain. The peptide segment between the middle WW domains, the 2,3-linker, is known to autoinhibit the catalytic domain, and this autoinhibition can be relieved by phosphorylation at Tyr369. Several protein substrates of WWP2 have been identified, including the tumor suppressor lipid phosphatase PTEN, but the full substrate landscape and biological functions of WWP2 remain to be elucidated.
BMC - Journal of Experimental & Clinical Cancer Research
Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is one of the most common and lethal cancers worldwide. Wiskott–Aldrich syndrome protein family member 2 (WASF2) is an integral member of the actin cytoskeleton pathway, which plays a crucial role in cell motility. In this study, we aimed to explore the role of WASF2 in HCC carcinogenesis and its regulatory mechanism.
Nucleic Acids Research - Oxford Academic
HuProt DNA RNA: SUMOylation is critical for numerous cellular signalling pathways, including the maintenance of genome integrity via the repair of DNA double-strand breaks (DSBs). If misrepaired, DSBs can lead to cancer, neurodegeneration, immunodeficiency and premature ageing. Using systematic human proteome microarray screening combined with widely applicable carbene footprinting, genetic code expansion and high-resolution structural profiling, we define two non-conventional and topology-selective SUMO2-binding regions on XRCC4, a DNA repair protein important for DSB repair by non-homologous end-joining (NHEJ).
Nature Scientific Reports
HuProt Autoantibodies: Autoantibodies are present in healthy individuals and altered in chronic diseases. We used repeated samples collected from participants in the NYU Women’s Health Study to assess autoantibody reproducibility and repertoire stability over a one-year period using the HuProt array. We included two samples collected one year apart from each of 46 healthy women (92 samples). We also included eight blinded replicate samples to assess laboratory reproducibility. A total of 21,211 IgG and IgM autoantibodies were interrogated. Of those, 86% of IgG (n = 18,303) and 34% of IgM (n = 7,242) autoantibodies showed adequate lab reproducibility (coefficient of variation [CV] < 20%).
HuProt DNA RNA: The ability to detect and target β cells in vivo can substantially refine how diabetes is studied and treated. However, the lack of specific probes still hampers a precise characterization of human β cell mass and the delivery of therapeutics in clinical settings. Here, we report the identification of two RNA aptamers that specifically and selectively recognize mouse and human β cells. The putative targets of the two aptamers are transmembrane p24 trafficking protein 6 (TMED6) and clusterin (CLUS). When given systemically in immune deficient mice, these aptamers recognize the human islet graft producing a fluorescent signal proportional to the number of human islets transplanted.
Frontiers in Pharmacology
HuProt Small Molecule: Hypoxic environments at high altitudes influence the long-term non-altitude health of residents, by inducing changes in metabolism and the mitochondria, severe lung injury, and endangering life. This study was aimed to determine whether meldonium can ameliorate hypoxia-induced lung injury and investigate its possible molecular mechanisms. We used Swiss mice and exposed type Ⅱ alveolar epithelial cell to hypobaric hypoxic conditions to induce lung injury and found that meldonium has significant preventive effect, which was associated with the regulation of glycolysis. We found using human proteome microarrays assay, molecular docking, immunofluorescence and pull-down assay that the target protein of meldonium is a platelet-type phosphofructokinase (PFKP), which is a rate-limiting enzyme of glycolysis.
Redox Biology - Elsevier
HuProt Small Molecule: Uveitis causes blindness and critical visual impairment in people of all ages, and retinal microglia participate in uveitis progression. Unfortunately, effective treatment is deficient. Icariin (ICA) is a bioactive monomer derived from Epimedium. However, the role of ICA in uveitis remains elusive. Our study indicated that ICA alleviated intraocular inflammation in vivo. Further results showed the proinflammatory M1 microglia could be transferred to anti-inflammatory M2 microglia by ICA in the retina and HMC3 cells. However, the direct pharmacological target of ICA is unknown, to this end, proteome microarrays and molecular simulations were used to identify the molecular targets of ICA. Data showed that ICA binds to peroxiredoxin-3 (PRDX3), increasing PRDX3 protein expression in both a time- and a concentration-dependent manner and promoting the subsequent elimination of H2O2.