221 Total Publications
Immunologic Research - Springer
HuProt Review: Autoimmune diseases are caused by the break-down in self-tolerance mechanisms and can result in the generation of autoantibodies specific to human antigens. Human autoantigen profiling technologies such as solid surface arrays and display technologies are powerful high-throughput technologies utilised to discover and map novel autoantigens associated with disease. This review compares human autoantigen profiling technologies including the application of these approaches in chronic and post-infectious autoimmune disease. Each technology has advantages and limitations that should be considered when designing new projects to profile autoantibodies.
Antibodies: Loss of TAR DNA-binding protein 43 kDa (TDP-43) splicing repression is well-documented in postmortem tissues of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), yet whether this abnormality occurs during early-stage disease remains unresolved. Cryptic exon inclusion reflects functional loss of TDP-43, and thus detection of cryptic exon-encoded peptides in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) could reveal the earliest stages of TDP-43 dysregulation in patients. Here, we use a newly characterized monoclonal antibody specific to a TDP-43-dependent cryptic epitope (encoded by the cryptic exon found in HDGFL2) to show that loss of TDP-43 splicing repression occurs in C9ORF72-associated ALS.
Nature - Cell Death & Disease
Esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) is one of the fatal malignancies worldwide. It has an increased propensity to metastasize via lymphogenous routes in an early stage. The prognosis of patients with lymph node metastases (LNM) is often worse than that of patients without metastases. Although several factors have been found to influence metastasis, the mechanisms of preference for specific metastatic routes remain poorly understood. Herein, we provide evidence that the intrinsic hypersensitivity of tumor cells to ferroptosis may proactively drive lymphatic metastasis.
Clinical and Translational Medicine
HuProt DNA RNA: The therapeutic value of targeted therapies in patients with lung cancer is reduced when tumours acquire secondary resistance after an initial period of successful treatment. However, the molecular events behind the resistance to targeted therapies in lung cancer remain largely unknown.
Frontiers in Immunology
The use of immune checkpoint inhibitors (ICIs) has evolved rapidly with unprecedented treatment benefits being obtained for cancer patients, including improved patient survival. However, over half of the patients experience immune related adverse events (irAEs) or toxicities, which can be fatal, affect the quality of life of patients and potentially cause treatment interruption or cessation. Complications from these toxicities can also cause long term irreversible organ damage and other chronic health conditions. Toxicities can occur in various organ systems, with common observations in the skin, rheumatologic, gastrointestinal, hepatic, endocrine system and the lungs.
HuProt Autoantibodies: Patients with inborn errors of the alternative NF-κB pathway have low thymic AIRE expression, leading to the development of auto-Abs neutralizing type I IFNs, and severe viral diseases.
Journal of Biological Chemistry
Mutations in NOTCH3 underlie cerebral autosomal dominant arteriopathy with subcortical infarcts and leukoencephalopathy (CADASIL), the most common inherited cerebral small vessel disease. Two cleavages of NOTCH3 protein, at Asp80 and Asp121, were previously described in CADASIL pathological samples. Using monoclonal antibodies developed against a NOTCH3 neoepitope, we identified a third cleavage at Asp964 between an Asp-Pro sequence. We characterized the structural requirements for proteolysis at Asp964 and the vascular distribution of the cleavage event. A proteome-wide analysis was performed to find proteins that interact with the cleavage product.
Elsevier - Brain, Behavior, and Immunity
Monoamine oxidase A (MAO A) is the critical enzyme to degrade serotonin in the brain and the knockout mouse exhibits hyperserotonemia and abnormalities that are observed in autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Thus, the MAO A knockout mouse is a valuable model for studying neurological and behavioral impairments in ASD. Based on the immune dysfunction hypothesis, dysregulated humoral immunity may cause neurological impairments.
Elsevier - Clinical Immunology
This study aims to discover novel autoantibodies against tumor-associated antigens (TAAs) and establish diagnostic models for assisting in the diagnosis of lung cancer and discrimination of pulmonary nodules (PNs). Ten autoantibodies to TAAbs (TAAbs) were discovered by means of protein microarray and their serum level was also higher in 212 LC patients than that in 212 NC of validation cohort 1 (P < 0.05). The model 1 comprising 4 TAAbs and CEA reached an AUC of 0.813 (95%CI: 0.762–0.864) for diagnosing LC from normal individuals.
HuProt Autoantibodies: Acquired lipodystrophy is often characterized as an idiopathic subtype of lipodystrophy. Despite suspicion of an immune-mediated pathology, biomarkers such as autoantibodies are generally lacking. Here, we used an unbiased proteome-wide screening approach to identify autoantibodies to the adipocyte-specific lipid droplet protein perilipin 1 (PLIN1) in a murine model of autoimmune polyendocrine syndrome type 1 (APS1). We then tested for PLIN1 autoantibodies in human subjects with acquired lipodystrophy with two independent severe breaks in immune tolerance (including APS1) along with control subjects using a specific radioligand binding assay and indirect immunofluorescence on fat tissue.